025.3 Metadata standards and research

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025.3 Metadata standards and research

025.344 An Analytical Model of Collections and their Catalogues Report of research undertaken by Michael Heaney at the University Library Services Directorate, Oxford University. The report refines conceptualisations of collections through an ‘entity-relationship’ model of collections and their catalogues in an attempt to inform current approaches to collection description. Available in PDF only.


025.344 ANSI/NISO Z39.85 – 2001 Dublin Core Metadata Element Set The Dublin Core Metadata standard was developed to promote better discovery standards for electronic resources and to make it easier to find relevant information on the World Wide Web. It is a 15-element set of descriptors in three groups which roughly indicate the class or scope of information stored in them. Firstly, content: title, subject, description, type, source, relation and coverage; secondly, intellectual property: creator, publisher, contributor and rights; and finally, instantiation: date, format, identifier and language.


025.344 Data Dictionary for Technical Metadata for Digital Still Images: Draft Standard for Trial Use Prepared by the National Information Standards Organisation (NISO) and Association for Information and Image Management, this draft comprises a list of technical metadata elements for digital images. Available for use from June 2002 to December 2003 and presented as a PDF file.


025.344 DC-dot Dublin Core Metadata Editor This service will retrieve a web page and automatically generate Dublin Core HTML META tags suitable for embedding in the HEAD section of the page. The generated tags can be edited using the form provided. Optional, context sensitive, help is available while editing.


025.344 Digital Libraries: Metadata Resources Links to documents archived by IFLA and external resources relating to metadata. Metadata is data about data. The term refers to any data used to aid the identification, description and location of networked electronic resources.


025.344 Dublin Core and Warwick Framework: A Review of the Literature, March 1995 – September 1997 Identifies and explores the dynamics of the literature associated with the Dublin Core Workshop Series. Concludes that a shift from a descriptive emphasis to a more empirical form of literature is about to take place and identifies future research questions in the areas of satisfying searcher needs, the impact of surrogate descriptions on search engine performance, and the effectiveness of surrogate descriptions in authenticating Internet resources.


025.344 Dublin Core Element Set Version 1.1 Reference description of version 1.1 of the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, summarising updated definitions which use a formal standard to improve the consistency with other metadata communities.


025.344 Dublin Core Metadata The Dublin Core is a 15-element metadata set intended to facilitate discovery of electronic resources. Originally conceived for author-generated description of Web resources, it has also attracted the attention of formal resource description communities such as museums and libraries.


025.344 Dublin Core Metadata Banners and Badges Selection of promotional material for Dublin Core metadata, freely available as JPEG files for use on personal Internet pages. Icons used must link directly to the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Web site.


025.344 Dublin Core Metadata Initiative: Dublin Core Qualifiers Describes the principles governing the Dublin Core element refinement and encoding scheme qualifiers. Also provides a summary and definitions approved by the DCMI Usage Committee.


025.344 Evolving Metadata Architecture for the World Wide Web: Bringing Together the Semantics, Structure and Syntax of Resource Description Paper discussing the need for a common metadata standard, capable of supporting the diverse types of material found on the Internet. The benefits of the Dublin Core standard are described in terms of simplicity, semantic interoperability, international consensus and flexibility. Examples of projects using Dublin Core are given.


025.3 Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records Report published by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). Delivers precisely stated parameters and a conceptual model concerning what bibliographic records aim to provide information about and what is required within those records to achieve user satisfaction.


025.3 Guide to Best Practice: Dublin Core Article focusing on the usability, simplicity, and technical feasibility of Dublin Core within the cultural heritage community. Covers the fifteen Dublin Core elements and provides examples from the art, cultural history, and natural history communities. Available in HTML, PDF, and Word 98 format.


025.344 IMS Global Learning Consortium The IMS Global Learning Consortium develops and promotes the adoption of open technical specifications for interoperable learning technology.


025.3 Issues in Crosswalking Content Metadata Standards In order to minimise the amount of time needed to create and maintain metadata, and to maximise its usefulness to the widest community of users, there is a need for the metadata created and maintained in one standard to be accessible via related content metadata standards. This article purports that harmonisation is the process of ensuring consistency in the specification of related content metadata standards, while a fully specified crosswalk provides the ability to create and maintain one set of metadata, and to map that metadata to any number of related content metadata standards. The article presents the key issues involved in crosswalk development and identifies those areas in which harmonisation can play a role.


025.344 Languages for Dublin Core Article which reviews three years development of Dublin Core metadata, and illustrates its use in dozens of countries and different languages around the world.


025.3 Library of Congress Authorities Pilot providing access to LC authority data for subject, name, and title combinations. Authority records can be downloaded in MARC format for use in local library systems.


025.344 Metadata and Resource Description Set of links to items about metadata, defined as ‘machine understandable information for the Web’. Includes details of related news, events, publications, project groups, discussion forums and recommended reading.


025.3 Metadata Demystified Provides an overview of the evolving metadata conventions in publishing and related initiatives to standardise how metadata is structured and disseminated. Covers topics such as XML, what metadata means to publishers and readers, and book and journal oriented metadata practices. Presented as a PDF document.


025.3 Metadata Made Simpler This introduction to metadata helps to explain what metadata is all about, why it is needed, and the advantages it offers. Dublin Core, GILS, metadata creation, and mapping are covered, and a list of Web resources and a glossary are included. Available in PDF only.


025.32 Metadata Resources – Resource Description Framework Provides a list of links to documents, articles and reports pertaining to the Resource Description Framework (RDF), with a special emphasis on those documents produced by the UK Office of Library and Information Networking (UKOLN).


025.344 Metadata Resources: Dublin Core Resources about the Dublin Metadata Core Element Set, a simple information resource description which also aims to provide a basis for semantic interoperability between other, probably more complicated, formats and is also intended to provide the basis for resource embedded description, initially with HTML documents.


025.3 MetaMap Information on metadata standards, sets, and initiatives (MSSIs) presented in the form of a subway map. Provides a definition of each ‘station’, shows relationships between them, and offers links to official web pages. The required SVG Viewer plug-in is freely available for download.


025.344 MetaWeb: Metadata Tools and Services Project Project which aims to develop indexing services, user tools, and metadata element sets in order to promote the use and exploitation of metadata on the Internet.


025.344 METS: Metadata encoding and transmission standard The METS schema is a standard for encoding descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata regarding objects within a digital library, expressed using the XML schema language of the World Wide Web Consortium. Includes news, documents, and sample schemas.


025.344 OCLC CORC CORC is a research project exploring the cooperative creation and sharing of metadata by libraries. It is designed to help both libraries and OCLC to move more quickly in coping with the huge amount of material available on the Web and to provide access to this material that can be integrated with access to their current resources. Features of CORC include authority control, RDF / XML import/export, integration of DC and MARC in single system, flexible harvesting of resources, Unicode support, assisted classification and subject heading assignment, automatic keyword extraction, automated data extraction, link maintenance and reference access – Z39.50, browsing interfaces.


025.344 Review of Metadata: A Survey of Current Resource Description Formats Project details including a review of metadata issues and an outline of resource description formats. Part of the DESIRE project.


025.32 RSLP Collection Description Schema Provides the widely used collection description schema as proposed by the UK Office of Library and Information Networking and derived from Michael Heaney’s related report, ‘An Analytical Model of Collections and their Catalogues’. Provides a definitive set of metadata attributes to ensure the effective description of library, archive and museum collections.


025.344 State of the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Details of the sixth Dublin Core Metadata Workshop (1998) which aimed to highlight outstanding issues and resolve them using formal working groups. Provides information on issues which emerged such as standardisation and the role of RDF, the relationship between Dublin Core and other forms of metadata, and related projects.


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